Why is The Canterbury Tales regarded as the most important literary work in the Middle Ages

One reason Chaucer's work has stood the test of time and is still relevant today is that it illustrates an interesting cross section of people from the Middle Ages. He authentically captures the.. The book is important for two reasons: It was written in Middle English. French was the language spoken by those in power at the time. The Canterbury Tales was one of the first major works of literature written in English For this reason, The Canterbury Tales is regarded as one of the first poems written in the English language, and Chaucer himself is one of the ''fathers'' of the written English language. An..

Instructor: Lucy Barnhouse Chaucer's 'The Canterbury Tales' is one of the defining works of late medieval literature, as well as of the English canon. In it, Chaucer uses language and.. Chaucer's decision to write The Canterbury Tales in Middle English was significant. When Chaucer penned his magnum opus, most of England's elite spoke French, thanks to the Norman invasion. His.. That is why; The Canterbury Tales is regarded as the prologue to modern fiction. It has almost all the characteristics that we find in any novel. It has vivid characterization, point of view, humour, realism, pictorial quality and much more that may fit into the genera of novel. Chaucer's Troilus and Cryseyde is considered a novel in verse Dating back to the Middle Ages, which is the time frame The Canterbury Tales was set in, social classes were very clear and distinctive. Figuring out which character is associated to a social class within the feudalism system is the task. There are four groups that makes the entire Feudalism system

Canterbury Tales the board game | AbeBooks' Reading Copy

Why is The Canterbury Tales an important piece of

The Canterbury Tales is one of the best loved works in the history of English literature. Written in Middle English, the story follows a group of pilgrims who are travelling the long journey from London to Canterbury Cathedral The Canterbury Tales is among the first English literary works to mention paper, a relatively new invention that allowed dissemination of the written word never before seen in England. Political clashes, such as the 1381 Peasants' Revolt and clashes ending in the deposing of King Richard II , further reveal the complex turmoil surrounding Chaucer in the time of the Tales' writing On October 25, 1400, English poet Geoffrey Chaucer passed away. Known as the Father of English literature, Chaucer is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages. He is best known today for The Canterbury Tales and was the first poet to be buried in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. Whan that Aprill with his shoures soot

Start studying The Canterbury Tales. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools The Canterbury Tales is one of the most well known secular works from the Medieval period. Rather than focus on the Church and religion, The Canterbury Tales looks instead at other common ideas of the time, such as courtliness and company. This courtliness, or courtly love, could be found in many poems and other pieces of literature during this time period His largest and best known is The Canterbury Tales. In this work (which is not finished as he died before its completion), Chaucer creates a frame story with his poetry. The outer story is the.. That he was a keen observer of men is obvious from his masterpiece, The Canterbury Tales. A vivid microcosm of fourteenth-century society, its wide range of characters are so realistically drawn that they were surely inspired in part by Chaucer's many varied experiences, his exposure to continental cultures and contact with different people from all levels of society throughout his career So writes Geoffrey Chaucer, in the prologue of his literary epic, The Canterbury Tales, a work that serves as a historical and sociological introduction to the way of life of the late Middle Ages. Chaucer incorporates the use of a pilgrimage to create the capability of including a vast range of people from all societal ranks and professions

In addition, when he composed The Canterbury Tales, his most popular work, he used as his characters a wide range of representative people from medieval society—the warrior class, clerics, yeomen, scholars, women—that his readers and listeners would have recognized, and he framed his tales with a pilgrimage to Thomas a' Becket's tomb, a journey that was popular at the time His The Canterbury Tales ranks as one of the greatest poetic works in English. He also contributed importantly in the second half of the 14th century to the management of public affairs as courtier, diplomat, and civil servant. In that career he was trusted and aided by three successive kings— Edward III, Richard II, and Henry IV The mid twentieth century gave way to several works showcasing a broad overview of literary genres. One of the most popular however, is the genre of Drama (JiffyNotes). As was many times the case, the writers would depict their own lives as the subject of the stories they were writing The Canterbury Tales is about a group of people who are pilgrims.They are travelling to an important sacred site.In the Middle Ages, many Christian people went on pilgrimages to Jerusalem, Rome, Santiago de Compostela and Canterbury. Canterbury Cathedral was a famous pilgrimage site because it contained the shrine (a place for remembering) of Saint Thomas Becket Read the excerpt below and answer the question. He had a latten cross set full of stonesAnd in a bottle had he some pig's bones,But with these relics, when he came upon.Some simple parson, then this paragonIn that one day more money stood to gain (The Canterbury Tales; General Prologue, lines 701-705

Canterbury Tales is the story of a group of strangers who happen upon each other on their way to Canterbury on a pilgrimage. To pass the time, they engage in a contest to see which one of them can. Catholic clerics were the intellectual center of society in the Middle Ages, and it is their literature that was produced in the greatest quantity. Countless hymns survive from this time period (both liturgical and paraliturgical) 50 Introduction Geoffrey Chaucer, regarded as the greatest poet of Middle Ages, holds an unrivalled place in English Literature with his magnum opus The Canterbury Tales which is one of the most influential and appreciated literary works of Medieval Literature

Literature in the Middle Ages. Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales is perhaps the first popular English work. The tales are a collection of stories from the late 1300's AN ANALYSIS OF THE CANTERBURY TALES: Chaucer's Second Nun's Tale. Leah Holle REL. 700a: Transitional Moments in Western Christianity 1 November 5th, 2014 Geoffrey Chaucer was a prominent figure within English Literature during the Middle Ages, and is regarded as one of the greatest English poets See also Middle English writings. Anonymous Many of the works of literature from the Middle English period are anonymous and obviously the authors are not listed here. There are anthologies of Middle English literature (see below) in which the works in question - or extracts of these - are to be found, e.g The Owl and the Nightingale, The Fox and the Wolf (both poems in the popular. 'The Canterbury Tales' by Geoffrey Chaucer is one of the most influential works in English literature. To understand why, we'll cover Chaucer's writing style and language while exploring their. The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1345-1400) was enormously popular in medieval England, with over 90 copies in existence from the 1400s. Its popularity may be due to the fact that the tales were written in Middle English, a language that developed after the Norman invasion, after which those in power would have spoken French

The Seven Deadly Sins in The Canterbury Tales - Video

Why is 'The Canterbury Tales' important? - Quor

Canterbury has been a European pilgrimage site of major importance for over 800 years since the assassination of Archbishop Thomas Becket in 1170. Today it is one of the most beautiful and historic cities in England. The medieval city centre bustles with famous name stores and exclusive boutiques while the picturesque side streets are home to. chivalry and courtly romance told by the Franklin. Unfinished at the time of his death, The Canterbury Tales is widely regarded as Chaucer's masterpiece and one of the greatest and most influential works in English literature. The Canterbury Tales A group of pilgrims pass the time during their journey to Canterbury by telling each other stories Historical Context of The Canterbury Tales. The late 14th century was a chaotic time in England. The Catholic Church was undergoing huge shifts and changes. After the horrors of the Black Death, many people were questioning the Church's authority, and groups such as the Lollards rebelled against the power that priests wielded 'The Miller's Tale' and the story of chivalry and courtly romance told by the Franklin. Unfinished at the time of his death, The Canterbury Tales is widely regarded as Chaucer's masterpiece and one of the greatest and most influential works in English literature.Both an enhance In any fiction work, the author uses characters to convey ideas via their personalities and develop a story. Without the Canterbury tales characters, Geoffrey Chaucer would not have progressed his story. The Canterbury Tales Characters Analysis. The Canterbury Tales is a collection of several short stories written in the classical Middle English

Geoffrey Chaucer, The Author of the Canterbury Tales, is known as the Father of English Literature and is one of the greatest English Poets of the Middle Ages. Chaucer was a soldier, a diplomat, a civil servant, and a courtier, enabling him to experience different aspects of each social ranking, which he demonstrated through his poetry The age of Chaucer, which encompassed the second half of the fourteenth century, was a time of major change in Chaucer's England and in Europe as a whole. Chaucer's famous work The Canterbury Tales.. Page 10. Canterbury Tales, the theory of the Pardoner's congenital and scriptural eunuchry has become an excuse for not taking him seriously.6 In his dazzling treatment of the Pardoner as a grotesque, as a feminoid or hermaphroditic male, Howard succeeds in re-creating the strangeness of this pilgrim -- his power to mystify, frighten, and fascinate The Monk in 'The Canterbury Tales' rejects the idea that a monk should be a man of God and withdraw from the world. In fact, this monk could be the worldliest man the Host has ever come across

Significance of the Canterbury Tales Study

The Summoner and the Friar are at each other's throats so frequently in The Canterbury Tales because they were in fierce competition in Chaucer's time—summoners, too, extorted money from people. Overall, the narrator seems to harbor much more hostility for the ecclesiastical officials (the Summoner and the Pardoner) than he does for the. The Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer. The Canterbury Tales is at once one of the most famous and most frustrating works of literature ever written. Since its composition in late 1300s, critics have continued to mine new riches from its complex ground, and started new arguments about.. Grimm. In fact, all of these factors are important to the history of literary fairy tales. Zipes posits, In fact, the literary fairy tale has evolved from the stories of the oral tradition, piece by piece in the different cultures of the people who cross-fertilized the oral tales and disseminated them. Summary and Analysis The Prologue Summary. One spring day, the Narrator of The Canterbury Tales rents a room at the Tabard Inn before he recommences his journey to Canterbury.That evening, a group of people arrive at the inn, all of whom are also going to Canterbury to receive the blessings of the holy blissful martyr, St. Thomas à Becket

The Canterbury Tales became his best known and most acclaimed work. He died October 25, 1400, in London, England, and was the first to be buried in Westminster Abbey's Poet's Corner The ongoing work of the Canterbury Tales Project can be seen at www.textualcommunities.org: click on the link to the Project on the opening page. Textual Introduction (BB) This edition is a reader's edition: its aim is to make the text as easily accessible as possible in sense, metre and pronunciation for beginner readers of Chaucer

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which was first published in 1885, by Mark Twain is regarded by most people as one of the important American works of fiction ever written because of its artistry and evocation of major themes within the United States of America Beowolf is the earliest and most popular work in Old English Literature. As the Normans conquested England, Middle English replaced the Old English and was used by the father of English Literature, Geoffrey Chaucer in his famous work, The Canterbury Tales. William Shakespeare came to be considered as the most iconic and greatest writer in the. The problem with the doctrine of Chaucer's supreme Englishness, so popular during the Age of Empire, is that it has little basis in Chaucer's literary record. Although the frame of the Canterbury Tales unfolds in England, it does not seem 'a place for which we are encouraged to feel a particular affection, as a beloved land or heritage-site. Describe in detail the age of Chaucer, including background events as well as social, political, and literary works. The age of Chaucer was the fourteenth century, a time of great religious.

Gender Roles In The Canterbury Tales By Geoffrey Chaucer. famous work of the Chaucer is 'The Canterbury Tales'. It is a descriptive poem rather a narrative. This poem is about the description of 30 people: rich and poor, secular and religious, good and bad. Each tells 2 stories on their way to Canterbury, to pass their time Mention the impact of the Renaissance in the field of English literature. Answer: The most significant impact of Renaissance was the use of local languages instead of Latin. England produced a number of writers, poets and dramatists, of repute. Geoffrey Chaucer Father of English Poetry', The Canterbury Tales', is his outstanding work Canterbury Cathedral was one of the most important centres of pilgrimage in Medieval England. There has been a cathedral at Canterbury since 597 when St. Augustine baptised the Saxon king Ethelbert. The Archbishop of Canterbury was the most senior religious figure in the land and he was based at the cathedral. While the cathedral had

The Canterbury Tales: Medieval Society & Culture - Video

represented in Geoffrey Chaucer‟s Canterbury Tales where most of the tales engage with gender relations and reflect the characters‟ perspectives towards the opposite sex.2 Chaucer portrays the complex relationship between the sexes with irony and humor, a quality which has intrigued both readers and critics through the ages The most provocative thing about the Pardoner is his open revelation about his own hypocrisy and avarice. Some critics have called him the most thoroughly modern character in The Canterbury Tales, especially in his use of modern psychology to dupe his victims. Likewise, his self-evaluation makes his character noteworthy: He maintains that.

7 Facts About 'The Canterbury Tales' Mental Flos

  1. d when writing his most important piece of work, 'The Canterbury Tales' and his other pieces of work that gained him the title as the father of English literature
  2. Impersonality in Middle English Literature. One of the most important characteristics of Middle English Literature is its impersonality. Most of the literature of the Middle Ages was anonymous. We don't know the names of those who wrote it. It is partly that people were interested in the poem than in the poet
  3. The Canterbury Tales would be the first of his works aimed deliberately at an absent audience, circulation in manuscript form and eventual literary fame. Yet he would never consider an absent.
  4. For one of the most elaborate uses of these dedvices in medieval literature, see Geoffrey of Vinsauf's Lament for King Richard, to which, as noted above, Chaucer alludes in The Nun's Priest's tale. An almost invariable mark of Chaucer's high style is the occupatio (or praeteritio ) -- a refusal to describe or narrate (see note by Vincent Di.
  5. ority of the population that could be regarded as literate, bilingualism and even.
  6. Selected by Dr Oliver Tearle. Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343-1400) is the most famous English writer of the Middle Ages. Although he was by no means the only celebrated poet of his time - we should mention William Langland, the Gawain poet, and John Gower, just for starters - Chaucer is the writer whose work had the broadest range, writing dream poems, long narrative poems about doomed love.
  7. The Canterbury Tales: General Prologue & Frame Story Resources Websites. Full Text of the Tales Handy online version of the Tales, with facing-page modern English translation next to the original Middle English.Within the text itself, you can click on many of the words to be taken directly to the word's definition

Chaucer's Contribution to English Language & Literature

  1. The Autumn of the Middle Ages: Chaucer and Dante. Portrait of Geoffrey Chaucer, British poet and comptroller of customs, circa 1340 -1400. By the time Geoffrey Chaucer was writing The Canterbury Tales, his narrative poem about a group of nine and twenty sondry folk making their leisurely way to Canterbury, pilgrimages of that sort had.
  2. The early Middle English period Poetry. The Norman Conquest worked no immediate transformation on either the language or the literature of the English. Older poetry continued to be copied during the last half of the 11th century; two poems of the early 12th century— Durham, which praises that city's cathedral and its relics, and Instructions for Christians, a didactic piece.
  3. These are the most influential books in literature. The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer. Written in the 14th century, this collection of tales brought to life characters and stories that remain popular today. The Canterbury Tales also provides a glimpse into the customs and practices within the society at the time of its writing. This work.
  4. The best way to learn to read Chaucer's Middle English is to enroll in a course with a good and enthusiastic teacher (as most teachers of Chaucer are). Though students enrolled in Chaucer courses may find some parts of this page useful, it is intended primarily for those who, for a variety of reasons, cannot take such a course but nevertheless.
  5. The Wife of Bath's Tale (Middle English: the Tale of the Wyf of Bathe) is among the best-known of Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.It provides insight into the role of women in the Late Middle Ages and was probably of interest to Chaucer himself, for the character is one of his most developed ones, with her Prologue twice as long as her Tale. He also goes so far as to describe two sets of.
  6. The 8 elements of a story are: character, setting, plot, conflict, theme, point-of-view, tone and style. These story elements form the backbone of any good novel or short story. If you know the 8 elements, you can write and analyze stories more effectively. >>> Teacher Resource: Elements of a Story Worksheet for Students: 'Planning your Short.
  7. The most obvious characteristic of this style of speech is its observance of verbal taboos. in recent years it has become so common to celebrate the jolly bawdiness of the later Middle Ages that it is not often recognized that, so far as our culture is concerned, this is the period in which the distinction between polite speech and vulgar.
Chaucer: Historical Context with Analysis of ‘The

Social Class - The Canterbury Tale

Jonathan Swift His major works: A Tale of a Tub Gulliver's Travels A Modest Proposal 49. A Tale of a Tub This book is written in the form of a parable, an old man died and left a coat, i.e. the Christian doctrine, to each of his three sons, Peter, Martin and Jack. The three sons stand for Roman Catholics, Protestants and Puritans 2. Hercules and the Twelve Labours in the Middle Ages. Since my oncoming Voynich post will deal with the Labours of Hercules, let us first have a look at his position in the Middle Ages. Of course, he is mentioned throughout Ovid's Metamorphoses (especially book 9), which, as we established, was well-known Although once regarded as a time of uninterrupted ignorance, superstition, and social oppression, the Middle Ages are now understood as a dynamic period during which the idea of Europe as a distinct cultural unit emerged. During late antiquity and the early Middle Ages, political, social, economic, and cultural structures were profoundly reorganized, as Roman imperial traditions gave way to.

Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales - b

The Canterbury Tales - Wikipedi

In the Canterbury Tales, Chaucer is highly conscious of the social divisions known as the Estates. While the genre of the Canterbury Tales as a whole is a frame narrative, the General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales is an example of Estates Satire , a genre which satirizes the abuses that occur within the three traditional Estates (in. Developed in the Middle Ages, this form was widely used by Geoffrey Chaucer in The Canterbury Tales. A theme. is an underlying message that a writer wants the reader to understand. Most medieval narratives were religious in theme, but many others were concerned with love, exemplary life and behavior, and political and societal issues The Canterbury Tales. The Pardoner rides in the very back of the party in the General Prologue and is fittingly the most marginalized character in the company. His profession is somewhat dubious—pardoners offered indulgences, or previously written pardons for particular sins, to people who repented of the sin they had committed

Geoffrey Chaucer - the Father of English Literature

The Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer's stories of human experience in the Canterbury Tales are often used as evidence that Chaucer was a sort of proto-feminist. Three pilgrims who are women are actually given voice in the Tales : the Wife of Bath, the Prioress, and the Second Nun - at a time when women were still expected largely to be silent Major literary works written in Middle English include Havelok the Dane, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Piers Plowman, and Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. The form of Middle English that's most familiar to modern readers is the London dialect, which was the dialect of Chaucer and the basis of what would eventually become standard English The Reeve's Prologue and Tale. Summary. The only pilgrim who dislikes The Miller's Tale is Oswald, the Reeve, who takes the story as a personal affront because he was once a carpenter. He tells the Miller that he will pay him back for such a story, and so he does. A dishonest miller, who lives close to a college, steals corn and meal brought to. Social Satire. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Canterbury Tales, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Medieval society was divided into three estates: the Church (those who prayed), the Nobility (those who fought), and the Peasantry (those who worked) The Canterbury Tales begins with the introduction of each of the pilgrims making their journey to Canterbury to the shrine of Thomas a Becket. These pilgrims include a Knight, his son the Squire, the Knight's Yeoman, a Prioress, a Second Nun, a Monk, a Friar, a Merchant, a Clerk, a Man of Law, a Franklin, a Weaver, a Dyer, a Carpenter, a Tapestry-Maker, a Haberdasher, a Cook, a Shipman, a.

Notes - The Monk

The critics have found the seed of the novel in The Canterbury Tales which is famous for the ten syllable rhyming couplets, which makes him, as Ward points out, the first painter of character that is why Chaucer is to be regarded as English first story-teller as well as first modern poet, cries W.J. Long The Monk. The Monk is another religious character who is corrupt. Instead of reading in his cell, the Monk prefers to go hunting, even though this is against the rules of the order of St. Benedict. The read analysis of The Monk. Get the entire The Canterbury Tales LitChart as a printable PDF. My students can't get enough of your charts and. The Knight rides at the front of the procession described in the General Prologue, and his story is the first in the sequence. The Host clearly admires the Knight, as does the narrator. The narrator seems to remember four main qualities of the Knight. The first is the Knight's love of ideals—chivalrie (prowess), trouthe. Character Analysis The Knight. Socially, the Knight is by far the most prestigious person on the pilgrimage. He has fought in many battles and served his king nobly. (Readers should note that the Knight has not fought in secular battles; all his battles have been religious battles of some nature.) He is the very essence of chivalry, honor, and. 2020 marks an important dual anniversary for the extraordinary figure of Thomas Becket. It will be 850 years since his dramatic murder on 29 December 1170 in Canterbury Cathedral, and 800 years since his body was moved on 7 July 1220 from a tomb in the Cathedral's Crypt into a glittering shrine

The Canterbury Tales is crammed with the rhetorical devices—occupatio, metonymy, the citing of scores of authorities—that were a pillar of education in the late Middle Ages By the time Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales the form of speech brought over by the Normans was still spoken only in the provinces, a source of gentle satire in the portrait of the Prioress: And Frenssh she spak ful faire and fetisly, After the scole of Stratford atte Bowe, For Frenssh of Parys was to hire unknowe. (General Prologue, I.124-26 The most difficult problem, in both the prologue and the tale, is the question of the Pardoner's sexual identity. The assumptions one makes about this can color the reading of the Pardoner's account of himself, his tale, and the dènouement -- the Pardoner's attempt to sell his fake pardons to Harry Bailey and Harry's crude rejoinder, which. TONE · The Canterbury Tales incorporates an impressive range of attitudes toward life and literature. The tales are by turns satirical, elevated, pious, earthy, bawdy, and comical. The reader should not accept the naïve narrator's point of view as Chaucer's. SETTING (TIME) · The late fourteenth century, after 1381 The Knight. The first pilgrim Chaucer describes in the General Prologue, and the teller of the first tale. The Knight represents the ideal of a medieval Christian man-at-arms. He has participated in no less than fifteen of the great crusades of his era. Brave, experienced, and prudent, the narrator greatly admires him

The Canterbury Tales Flashcards Quizle

Geoffrey Chaucer

Medieval literature includes a great variety of comic tales, in both prose and verse, and in a variety of more or less distinct genres. For students of Chaucer, the most important comic genre is the fabliau (fabliau is the singular, fabliaux the plural) The growth of vernacular literature. In literature, medieval forms continued to dominate the artistic imagination throughout the 15th century. Besides the vast devotional literature of the period—the ars moriendi, or books on the art of dying well, the saints' lives, and manuals of methodical prayer and spiritual consolation—the most popular reading of noble and burgher alike was a 13th. The assassination of Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral on 29 December 1170 changed the course of history. Becket was one of the most powerful figures of his time, serving as royal Chancellor and later as Archbishop of Canterbury. Initially a close friend of King Henry II, the two men became engaged in a bitter dispute [ The history of literature is the historical development of writings in prose or poetry that attempt to provide entertainment, enlightenment, or instruction to the reader/listener/observer, as well as the development of the literary techniques used in the communication of these pieces. Not all writings constitute literature.Some recorded materials, such as compilations of data (e.g., a check. The Middle Ages military was largely disorganized. Male residents of each kingdom were drafted into service for just 40 days at a time, because to remove too many citizens from the lands would lead to loss of crops, loss of livestock, and loss of income. The inability of the military forces to remain intact for any significant period of time.

In the succeeding centuries, The Canterbury Tales but also his other poems, have been widely read, translated and since the 19 th century more and more studied. 2. The Canterbury Tales. The tradition. Eighty-five manuscripts of The Canterbury Tales have survived, of which fifty-five contain a reasonably complete version of the work Hawthorne's works have been labelled 'dark romanticism,' dominated as they are by cautionary tales that suggest that guilt, sin, and evil are the most inherent natural qualities of humankind. His novels and stories, set in a past New England, are versions of historical fiction used as a vehicle to express themes of ancestral sin, guilt.

During the late Middle Ages the Jesuits established over 200 universities. The Middle Ages are sometime termed the Dark Ages. This label was first applied by 17th century Humanists who regarded the entire period as mired in superstition and useless debate. Today the Middle Ages are recognized as a time of extraordinary creativity and. An unfinished creative work is a painting, novel, musical composition, or other creative work, that has not been brought to a completed state.Its creator may have chosen not to finish it, or may have been prevented from doing so by circumstances beyond their control, such as death.Such pieces are often the subject of speculation as to what the finished piece would have been like had the.

Although 'The Canterbury Tales' is more popular, according to some critics 'Troilus and Criseyde', set against the backdrop of the Trojan War, is his finest work. Completed during the mid 1380s, it is believed to the source of the proverb, All good things must come to an end Cathedrals: Cathedrals are (frequently, but not always large) Christian churches, the central church of a bishopric. A cathedral is the church which contains the official seat or throne of a bishop. Cathedra, one of the Greek/Latin names for this, gives us the adjective cathedral.One of the earliest instances of the term ecclesia cathedralis is said to occur in the acts of the council of. But reading Chaucer in the original idiom of Middle English requires extensive aids, such as a modern translation or enrollment in an upper-level college class. Thus, other than the Prologue and maybe a Canterbury Tale or two (esp. the Miller's Tale), Chaucer is underappreciated as a writer whose works survived 600 years

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